Falls. Electrocutions. Being crushed or caught between objects. Being struck by moving machinery or objects. Those four types of accidents are the leading causes of death in the construction industry, according to OSHA.
In response to OSHA's Construction Focus 4 training mandate, MANCOMM has spent hundreds of hours developing the OSHA Student Handbook (sold in packets of 10) and its companion publication, the OSHA Instructor Guide. These two convenient books contain all of the materials provided by the OSHA Outreach Training Program on Construction Focus Four training.
In these easy-to-use MANCOMM materials, you will find trainer guidance, objectives, lesson activities, student handouts, tests, and classroom exercises. The actual information has not been changed. Rather, it has been compiled, organized, and formatted for your convenience.
Four Life-Saving Lessons
The content for Construction Focus 4 is divided into four sections – one for each of the major construction industry hazards:
Lesson 1: Fall Hazards
Jobsite falls are a severe, chronic problem in the construction industry. According to OSHA, falls from heights are the leading cause of fatalities in construction, while falls on the same level are one of the leading causes of injuries. In 2010, falls accounted for 35 percent of all construction fatalities, or about 260 deaths, according to the BLS.
Lesson 2: Caught-In or -Between Hazards
According to OSHA, "caught-in or -between hazards" are defined as: "Injuries resulting from a person being squeezed, caught, crushed, pinched, or compressed between two or more objects, or between parts of an object." Accidents that would be classified by OSHA as Caught include:
• Trench cave-ins.
• Being pulled into or caught in machinery and equipment.
• Being compressed or crushed between rolling, sliding, or shifting objects.
Lesson 3: Struck-By Hazards
"Struck-by hazards" are defined by OSHA as: "Injuries produced by forcible contact or impact between the injured person and an object or piece of equipment." To make a determination between Caught and Struck accidents, OSHA notes that one must ask: "Was it the impact of the object alone that caused the injury?" If impact alone created the injury, it would be considered Struck. If the injury was more the result of being crushed between objects, it would be considered Caught.
Lesson 4: Electrocution Hazards
According to OSHA, "Electrocution results when a person is exposed to a lethal amount of electrical energy." An electrical hazard can be defined as a workplace occurrence that exposes workers to the following dangers, as outlined by the acronym BE SAFE: Burns, Electrocution, Shock, Arc Flash/Arc Blast, Fire, Explosions.
The OSHA Student Handbook and its companion publication, the OSHA Instructor Guide, provide the construction industry with the knowledge needed to foster safer work practices. More importantly, these two publications can help to prevent tragic accidents and deaths on jobsites nationwide.